Tips for Touring
Tips to remember when participating on a tour:
SHOES: Always wear comfortable walking shoes. Some of our tours involve more walking than others. Be sure to check the ‘activity level’ for each tour to determine if it is the right tour for you.
WATER: We encourage you to bring your own re-fillable water bottle which can be re-filled during the tour from our water jug. Various beverages will also be offered during the tour.
MOSQUITOES: If your tour is during mosquito season, please see these tips for enjoying your tour mosquito-free.
SUMMER HEAT: Heat exhaustion or even heat stroke can be experienced during the summer months if precautions are not addressed. Please see these tips to help avoid dangers associated with summer heat.
Eligibility Requirements for Participating in Center of Forestry Tours
All are welcome on our tours! Please review our Essential Eligibility Criteria below. Participants must have the ability to:
Board, exit, and remain seated on an accessible bus for extended periods of time (10 to 50 minute stretches depending on the tour).
Traverse uneven terrain (e.g. pasture, forest land), independently or with assistance, for distances of up to one half mile.
Remain seated or standing outdoors during presentations at tour stops for periods of up to 60 minutes. Presentations also require moving around to view various landscape components as described above.
Tolerate unpredictable and variable outdoor conditions, including but not limited to: direct sunlight, heat, cold, rain, or insects. We recommend hats, sunscreen, and dressing in layers and bringing insect repellent as necessary.
Understand and follow safety guidelines.
Contact the Sierra Institute for details on individual tours. We will do our best to accommodate special needs if notified in advance. Please ask! Call (530) 284-1022
Enjoying your tour:
Mosquitoes are insects that have been around for more than 30 million years. And it seems that, during those millions of years, mosquitoes have been honing their skills so that they are now experts at finding people to bite. Mosquitoes have a battery of sensors designed to track their prey, including:
Chemical sensors ‐ mosquitoes can sense carbon dioxide and lactic acid up to 100 feet (36 meters) away. Mammals and birds give off these gases as part of their normal breathing. Certain chemicals in sweat also seem to attract mosquitoes (people who don’t sweat much don’t get nearly as many mosquito bites).
Visual sensors ‐ if you are wearing clothing that contrasts with the background, and especially if you move while wearing that clothing, mosquitoes can see you and zero in on you. It’s a good bet that anything moving is ”alive”, and therefore full of blood, so this is a good strategy.
Heat sensors ‐ Mosquitoes can detect heat, so they can find warm‐blooded mammals and birds very easily once they get close enough.
Something with this many sensors sounds more like a military aircraft than an insect. That’s why mosquitoes are so good a t finding and biting you.
The best way to reduce mosquito‐borne diseases is through mosquito control and personal protection. You can do a few things to reduce the number of mosquito bites that you get while enjoying the outdoors.
First, wear clothing that covers most of your body, if temperature permits.
Second, use a mosquito repellent that contains NN‐diethyl‐meta‐toluamide (DEET) at a concentration of 7.5 percent to 100 percent. Lower concentrations are sufficient for most outdoor protection, and a 15‐percent concentration is recommended for children. Avon’s original Skin‐So‐Soft is a weak, short‐lasting (less than 20 minutes) mosquito repellent, although there are newer Skin‐So‐Soft formulations that include EPA‐recognized insect repellents.
When it’s hot and we’re active, our bodies heat up. Normally the body regulates its temperature through sweat and increased blood flow to the skin. But when conditions overwhelm these natural cooling defenses, we develop symptoms of heat illness.
When temperatures soar, you face a greater risk of experiencing heat illness. Here’s a list of tips and best practices to keep you feeling great this summer.
should drink 4‐8‐oz glasses of water per hour. Increase the frequency of water breaks during a heat wave.
Shade & Rest Breaks- Shade can relieve the effects of walking in direct sunlight. Sierra Institute tries to make shaded areas available for rest breaks, along with making the Tour Bus available at all times for resting.
Clothing- Loose‐fitting, light‐colored clothing is best for keeping cool. Wide‐brimmed hats can also help.
Buddy System- Walking with a buddy helps in monitoring each other for heat illness symptoms.
Emergency Preparedness- Medical emergencies do happen and we have planned for them. If you are feeling like you are experiencing heat illness, please see a Sierra Institute employee as soon as you can.
The following is a summary of heat-related illnesses and symptoms:
Symptoms: Heavy perspiration; small red bumps on the skin and a prickling sensation called ‘prickly heat’; post‐activity muscle cramps; mild dizziness or weakness.
Treatment: Rest in the cool shade; drink water; monitor condition.
Symptoms: Heavy perspiration; cold, moist, pale or flushed skin; thirst; extreme weakness or fatigue; headache; nausea; lack of appetite; rapid weak pulse; giddiness.
Treatment: If you are suffering these symptoms, you should be treated immediately and may require medical attention. Recommended treatments may include resting in the cool shade; drinking water; applying cool compresses to the head, neck, and armpits; and using fans to blow air. If symptoms continue, call a doctor.
SEVERE- HEAT STROKE
Symptoms: Lack of sweating; hot, dry flushed skin; red, mottled, or bluish skin; deep rapid breathing; delirium; fainting or loss of consciousness; convulsions.
Treatment: These symptoms represent a serious emergency and can be fatal without immediate medical treatment. Call for emergency medical assistance. In the meantime, recommended treatments may include moving the victim to rest in the cool shade and cooling the body rapidly using whatever method is available.
Do not give a Heat Stroke victim fluids to drink!